Renting a property is a common practice, and it’s essential for both tenants and landlords to understand their rights and obligations. One crucial aspect of being a landlord is knowing the proper procedures for tenant eviction. In this blog, we will delve into the details of tenant eviction under the Lagos Tenancy Law, providing you with a clear understanding of the legal processes involved.

  1. Legal Grounds for Tenant Eviction:
    Under the Lagos Tenancy Law, a landlord can legally evict a tenant under specific circumstances, which include:
  • Non-payment of rent: If a tenant fails to pay rent within the agreed-upon time, the landlord has the right to initiate eviction proceedings.
  • Unlawful occupation: If a tenant occupies a property without the landlord’s consent or continues to stay beyond the agreed lease period, it becomes grounds for eviction.
  • Breach of terms: Violating any terms and conditions specified in the tenancy agreement can lead to eviction.
  • Nuisance or illegal activities: Engaging in activities that disrupt the peaceful living of other tenants or involves illegal actions can result in eviction.
  1. Eviction Process:
    In Lagos, the eviction process follows a specific legal framework to protect the rights of both landlords and tenants. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown of the eviction process:
    a) Written notice: The landlord must provide the tenant with a written notice stating the reason for eviction and offering a reasonable period to rectify the issue (Usually 7 to 30 days, depending on the violation).
    b) Filing an action in court: If the tenant fails to comply with the notice, the landlord can proceed to file an action for possession at the Magistrates’ Court.
    c) Court hearing and judgment: The court will issue a summons to both parties for a hearing, where each party can present their case. Upon hearing the evidence, the court will make a judgment either in favor of the landlord or the tenant.
    d) Warrant of possession: In the event of a judgment in favor of the landlord, and if the tenant fails to appeal, the court will issue a warrant of possession. This authorizes the landlord to regain possession of the premises.
  2. Mediation and Alternative Dispute Resolution:
    Before resorting to court proceedings, it’s worth noting that the Lagos Tenancy Law encourages mediation and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. Parties can consider engaging in negotiation or mediation to resolve their issues amicably, potentially avoiding long-drawn-out legal battles.

Understanding the legal framework for tenant eviction is vital for both landlords and tenants. The Lagos Tenancy Law provides a clear guideline to ensure fairness and protect the rights of all parties involved. By familiarizing yourself with these legal procedures, you can navigate the eviction process with confidence. Remember, it’s always advisable to seek legal advice and consult the appropriate authorities when dealing with eviction matters in Lagos.